A List from Around the Globe
Please find below a selection of recent airport city projects. All featured examples are associated with major international hubs that were coherently planned and not organically grown over a longer span of time (for example London Heathrow or Amsterdam Schipol). Furthermore, these airports still have room for further growth and are not be hemmed in by already existing developments.
Berlin Airport city:
Called Gateway BBI, Berlin’s new airport city is planned by the city of Berlin in collaboration with Machleidt + Partner. Three distinct but related areas will be developed: the so-called Airport City Schönefeld, the residential area Waltersdorf-Nord und Kienberg BBI Business Park). These developments are meant to mediate between the airport and the city of Berlin. The airport city incorporates about 16 ha for airport and non-airport related functions including office and service areas, and industrial parks.
Berlin Brandenburg Airport (planned by GMP and JSK Architekten) will be Berlin’s new airport replacing the three former airports of the city. It is scheduled to open mid 2012. The new airport is located south of the current Berlin Schönefeld Airport. It has an anticipated capacity for 27 to 45 million passengers and is a projected hub for Air Berlin and EasyJet.
DWC Airport cities:
As Dubai’s new airport itself, the planned airport cities are megalomaniac in scale and aspirations. For the new airport DWC a conglomerate of airport cities is planned including Residential City, housing 250000 people and employing 20000; Aviation City, hosting aviation manufacturing, MRO (Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul) centers, and R&D companies; and Commercial City, a central business district for 150000 people, including 25 hotels, hospitals, schools, and shopping malls. All zones are planned by DWC Real Estate.
Dubai’s World Central International Airport (now called Al Maktoum International Airport) opened for freight mid 2010 while still being under construction. Passenger operations are scheduled for late 2011. The new airport, 44 kilometers from downtown Dubai, will complement Dubai’s current international airport DXB and will have a capacity for 160 million passengers in 2030. It is a projected hub for Emirates.
HKG Airport cities:
Hong Kong Airport features Skycity, an industrial/commercial/leisure zone on the airport’s island containing a retail and entertainment area, a hotel, a conference center, and a golf course. Off the airport’s island, Tung Chung New Town is a part of the airports core program and provided housing for 20000 people in the first of four phases. Tung Chung will ultimately accommodate a population of about 250000 people.
Hong Kong International Airport, planned by Foster + Partners, opened in 1998 and replaced Hong Kong’s city airport Kai-Tak. Two mountainous islands where levelled to create the plot for the airport. It is located 40 kilometers from downtown Hong Kong and received 50 million passengers in 2010. The airport is a hub for Cathay Pacific Airways.
ICN Airport City: The International Business Center (IBC) is a business and administration area including shopping facilities, hotels, and a convention center adjacent to the airport’s terminal. Developed by an airport owned company, the IBC will have a total of 336000 sqm and is currently being built.
ICN Songdo International Business District (IBD):
Planned by Morgan Stanley Real Estate and Gale International in cooperation with KPF, the IBD is a new town 12 kilometers from the airport on reclaimed land comprising a central business district, residential, cultural components and a central green space. Completed by 2015, the sustainable city is supposed to accommodate 80000 apartments and 4.6 million sqm of office space.
Incheon International Airport, planned by Fentress Bradburn Architects opened in 2001 on a modified, natural island 43 kilometers from downtown Seoul. It replaced the older Gimpo International Airport, which now mostly handles domestic destinations. Incheon had 30 million passengers in 2008 and is a hub for Korean Air.